Interior Painting Techniques
Most interior painting techniques are about one-coat jobs, but sometimes it's necessary to do a primer before you can apply the color of your choice. The priming layer makes sure your new paint layer will hold. It also neutralizes the color you paint over.
Getting the right kind of paint
Every painting job needs its own kind of paint. Check out your painting surface thouroughly and see what its made of, or painted with.
- Walls were usually painted with latex paint: a matte or semigloss paint. Paint it over with latex wallpaint, or waterbased alkyd paint. Click here for more on wall painting techniques.
- Is your wall painted shiny? Then its probably done with acrylics, or even oil-based paint. Prime them first.
- Old woodwork is probably done with oil based paint, which is hardly available anymore. Give them a primer coat, and it can be redone with acrylic paint.
- On kitchen walls, use strong acrylic paint, so you can wash them.
- Stained wood was usually done with oil-based materials too. If you want to stain them new with waterstain, youll have to do some hard work in removing all the paint. Another option is: give it a coat of clear sealer (Zinsser BIN), and then you can give it another transparant layer, changing the color but keeping the woodgrain. If you do a primer layer, you can also paint it over, but then youll loose the stain-look.
- for synthetic materials (like windowpanes or laminate furniture), special primers are available. Click here for painting over laminate.
- Click here for more on acrylic, latex, shellac and oil based interior paints.
- Here you can read about matte and shiny paints, and the influence of underlying paint colors.
Have a primer that helps you
A primer is more matte, its focused on hiding and adhering capacities. Usually it's white or grey. But you can also order a primer in the same color as your top coat. It saves you an extra paintlayer - that's both time and money. Another option is, to have a primer in a different shade, that helps to bring out the the color of your choice, by being darker or lighter than the top coat. Then you get a mild faux-finishing effect (with one top coat layer brushed over). It does need regular brushing, but the effect is really nice. Click here for tips on the effects of underlying paint colors
- If you'll paint a warm color (red, brown, yellow, orange) , take a white primer, or a warm offwhite that's lighter than your top coat. It will make your warm color shine.
- If you'll paint blue or violet, take a grey primer, or one that's darker than your top coat. It will make your blue or violet radiant.
- When the underlying paint is suitable (scroll up for info on that), and its color is also suitable for your new color, you can skip the priming. Click here for more information on the effect of underlying paint colors (the existing color you'll paint over).
Preparations make your job a succes
Choosing paint colors is of course important. But in all interior painting techniques, the look as well as the durability of your paintjob depends on your preparations. Holes in the wall
will spoil the sight of you new colors. And if you dont sand, degrease and clean, the coat wont hold properly or look messy.
Half the work of a paintjob is: cleaning, filling holes and sanding.
thats important work. It's the backbone of every interior painting technique.
If you take your time to do it thoroughly, your paint coats wil stay good for long years.
Special interior paintsSome paints give a little extra. Wich chalkboard paint, kids will have fun (and it's a nice agenda as well). Heat-reflective paint actually saves on your energy bills, and stabilizes your house climate. Organic paints have very natural colors and create a safe environment. Check here for
Materials for interior painting techniques
Since youre going to put in some real work: allow yourself the best paint and painting materials. That doesn't mean you have to buy machines. Interior painting techniques have been done manually for ages. If you have enough strong and sharp sanding paper, it will do a lot of the work for you. When you do sanding by hand, you work in the woodgrain with your fingers, that's even better than machine abrasing (and a lot less noisy too). But for a big job like painting a floor, it's best to hire a big sanding machine. If you need to strip off old paint layers: check here for an eco-safe paint stripper
Brushes or rollers
The same thing goes for brushes and rollers. Each of those can perform specific tasks. Paint rollers can make a quick and easy smooth covering of big surfaces. Bristle gives a structured stroke - which is nice if you like structure. Even if you use rollers, the edges are best done with a brush (and masking tape). But cheap bristles tend to leave hairs in your work. For smooth, blended layers and enamel (high-gloss) paints, use mohair rollers, or dagger brushes. Acrylic and latex paints are best painted with synthetic materials, but most rollers are (partly) made of synthetic material. Big bristles brushes can be used too, best soakin in water overnight, so they won't dry out the paint.
Ebooks, contractors and other help
When you need a little more onfo then what's found here, try this ebook on interior painting techniques. It's written by a painting contractor with 20 years of experience. It's meant for home owners and beginners in interior painting. Here's also another good website on interior house painting. It contains lots of information and tips on house painting and painting products
After reading all this, you might reconsider about hiring a professional - DIY is nice, but GID (Get It Done) also has its value - painting does involve a time-investment (not just the work itself - think of shopping, preps, the afterwards cleanup, color advice). Click here for an estimate of a professional painting contractor (US-based). Even if you decide to do it yourself anyway, you'll know what money you saved while doing it. And last, choosing good paint colors is crucial for the result - click here for some good resources on that.
Wall painting techniques
Walls are important as the background and moodsetters for the rest of your interior. They make big visual surfaces, and you may need some tricks to bring that color to life. You can do that by choosing a special technique, like faux painting faux finishing, or blending techniques. But you can do a lot already by carefully choosing your paint colors. The best way to do that, is to make an interior painting design first. Click here for more on wall painting techniques.
Floor painting techniques
Floors need the best paint and preparation there is, for they have a lot to endure.
Concrete floors can be painted with concrete paint or epoxy. Id say: concrete paint for outdoors or the garage, and epoxy finish for workfloors. For indoor concrete floors, you can use poly-urethane floor paint. It gives a very durable and very nice looking finish, and there are interesting artistic possibilites. This is not a regular interior painting technique: the paint is thick as yoghurt, and is poured on.
Tile floors can be painted, but only if theyre not in wet rooms. It does need very good prepararion, a very good primer, and a high-gloss paint.
Interior painting techniques for woodwork
New woodwork can be stained, or given a hiding coat. In staining wood, the woodgrain will remain visible. You can use that to make your whitewood look like mahagony, oak or ebony, or give it a nice color to match your interior painting design.
Preparations for painting woodwork
Hiding coats on new woodwork need a priming layer, before you can apply the color of your choice.
When you rede old paint layers interior painting preparation is crucial. Sand them first, and clean them. The old paintlayer is probably oil based. If you're not sure that it's acrylic, give it a coat of primer first, to make it hold.
If there are a lot of irregularities, take matte or semi-matte paint to finish your job. If you want to use highgloss paint: fill any ditch, and sand you surface very smooth. Take your time for that. Highgloss paint is beautiful and most durable, but only on a smooth surface. It will make every dent or old paintdrip come out. Click here for more on paint sheen.
On woodwork, oil based paints were used for ages. Oil based paints really were good paints for interior painting techniques, but they have become hard to find. Which also has good sides, when you think of health- and environmental aspects (Click here for more on non-toxic paint). but, organic oil-based paints are still available (Auro paints). If you want to paint oil-based paint with acrylic paint, you have to use a primer first, otherwise you paint won't hold. Halas, acrylic paints are known to be not as durable as the good old oil based paints. However, Benjamin Moore claims to have solved this problem.
Painting over laminate
Not all that seems wood, actually is wood. Laminate furniture is widely spread, and not always in the color of your choice. But it can te painted over. Laminate is a very different material then wood, it needs very specific interior painting techniques. Click here for instructions on painting over laminate.
Interior painting techniques for ceilings
Painting the ceiling can be a messy job. Take your time to cover the floor with plastic, protect yourself and think of your safety. Never put a lean-against-the-wall ladder on plastic foil, its the surest way to break some bones. The safest way to get up there is a scaffold - hire one eventually.
For ceilings, there are special spraycans (that spray right up). But a roller on a stick will do the job as well. Put masking tape on the edges, paint the edges with a brush, and to the rest with a paint roller on a stick.
Doors are best taken off before painting - then you won't have drips.
You dont usually pay special attention to a door, but you notice them subconsciously all the more. Having very smooth doors adds real class and comfort to your home. If you have paneled doors, spend some effort making the surface really flawless, and paint them with a high-gloss paint. Your off-white door will look very classy.
But who said a door has to be in one color? There are lots of other things you can do to a door .
- Interior painting ideas
- Interior painting preparations
- Wall painting techniques
- Interior paints
- Primer paints
- Low VOC paint
- Alkyd paint
- Paint sheen
- Heat reflective paint
- chalkboard paint
- Paint rollers
- paint stripper
- Painting wood trim
- Painting over wallpaper
- Painting straight lines
- Painting over laminate
- Stencil painting
- Interior paint colors
- House paint software
- Preparations for wall painting
- Painting safety
- interior painting tips on color layering
- Staining wood
- Choosing paint colors
- Room painting ideas
- Kitchen painting ideas
- Wall painting ideas
- Kitchen painting ideas
- Bedroom painting ideas
- Ideas for painting teen bedrooms
- Bathroom painting ideas
- Nursery painting ideas
- painting tips for big and small rooms, and different lighting situations
- 7 steps for creating an interior painting design
- Adjusting paint colors to available light
- From Interior painting techniques back to the homepage